Areca catechu L.
Areca catechu_ Malayalam origin refers to the word aṭaykka, kacu; catechu_ kat′e-shoo means a substance used in tanning, dyeing and as an astringent
Native Range: Philippines. Cultivated elsewhere
Habitat: Occurs as an invader in the forest gaps and edges, watercourses, floodplains and swamps. Capable of invading undisturbed forest
Phytochemicals: Arecaidine, Arecatannin, Arecolidine, Arecoline, Gallic Acid, Guvacine, Guvacoline, Homoarecoline, &Is oguvacine.
Properties: Antioxidant, Anti-inflammatory, Anti-Melanogenisis, Hypoglycemic, Antihypertensive, Vascular-relaxation, Antidepressant, Wound healing, Anticonvulsant & Antimicrobial
Traditional Medicine: Used in the treatment leucoderma, leprosy, obesity, and against intestinal tapeworms
Ethnobotany: Nuts have long tradition in use of the custom, or ritual of several tribes in Southeast Asia which dates back thousands of years. Used as a symbol of honoring individuals with areca nut along with betel leaf in Tamil culture. Nut wrapped in betel leaf and chewed along with little calcium hydroxide as masticator thoughout Southeast Asian countries.
Economy: Cultivated as a commercial crop for its nuts, planted as an ornamental. Source of dye, and skin aging cosmetics. Nuts are highly traded in the markets for its use as masticatory.
A species of religious, social and cultural importance.